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Difference Between C vs C++ vs Python vs Java

Difference Between C vs C++ vs Python vs Java

Firstly In this article will discuss the Difference Between C vs C++ vs Python vs Java. At the current time, there are lots of programming languages are available such as Javascript, Rust, PHP, Ruby Python, Java, C language, etc. In this topic, we will discuss the difference and also a comparison between Python vs Java vs C vs C++.

Basic Difference Between C vs C++

C++
C does not support object oriented programming,  therefore it has no support for polymorphism encapsulation and also inheritance. C++  supports both procedural and also object oriented programming,  therefore C++  is also called a hybrid language. 
C does not support function and operator overloading.2. C++  supports both function and operator overloading. 
C does not allow for functions to be defined inside structures. 3. In C++,  functions can be used inside a structure.
C does not support reference variables. 4. C++ supports reference variables. 
C, being procedural programming, is a function driven language.5. While C++, Being and also object oriented programming,  it is an object driven language. 
Does not have a namespace feature. 6. C++ User’s namespace which avoids name collisions. 
Data is less secured in C.7. Data is more secured in C++. 
It  processes with a top down approach.8. It processes with the bottom up approach. 
It offers low-level data abstraction. 9. It offers high-level data abstraction. 
C is a middle-level language. 10. C++ is a high-level language. 

Difference Between C vs C++

TypeCC++
Programming typeC is Procedural Oriented languageC++ is Object-Oriented Programming language.
ApproachFollows Top Down programming approachFollow bottom-up programming approach.
Case sensitiveC is case sensitiveC++ is case sensitive
File extensionfilename.cfilename.cpp
Which one is fasterLess fast than C++Faster than C
Advance feature of performnaceIts older language, much faster than new languages but not C++Supports object orientation and also features like Polymorphism, Abstract Data Types, and Encapsulation
OS Made ofMost of OS like Microsoft windows, linux, Mac made of CMost of OS somepart made of C++
Program divisionProgram Division – FunctionsProgram Division – Classes and also Objects
Demand in IT sectorLow demand than C++Avg. demand but more thn C language
Salary packageAvg. package $94,264Avg. Package $100500
New language written onCore basis of C++,C#,Java,JavaScript,Python,Julia,Perl with CMany language influce with C++
StructureIt not provide the feature of function declaration.It provides the feature of declaring a function
Open sourceIt itself a programming languageIt itself a programming language
Popular game EngineAllegro, id Tech 1, 2,3, JediCreation Engine, CryEngine, Crystal Tools and also space
Inline functionNot allow in CAllowed
Standard I/O operationsFor input: scanf
For output: printf
eg.
printf( “Enter a value :”);
scanf(“%s %d”, str, &i);
For input: cin >>
For output: cout <<
EG.
cout << “Enter your age:”;
cin >> age;
Data SecurityLess secure compare to C++Secure
Popular companies are usingApple, google, Microsoft many companies using CEvernote, LinkedIn, Microsoft, Opera, NASA, and Facebook
Compiler useGCCGNU, Clang
ComplextyIt complex then C++Less complex
LimitationThis is old language – it will allow do anythingIts C programming extenion. Follow object -oriented
Populor Game made ofSnake game, chess, firt tic tac and also many game reffering game enginecounter strike, pacman, counter tank with reffering game engine
Father ofDennis Ritchie, father of C languageBjarne Stroustrup of C++ language
Lanch date19721985
NamespaceNot thereAllowed
Compatibility with other languagesNot compatibleCompatible with other programming languages.
Support of PointerOnly supports Pointers.Supports both pointers and references.
VariableVarible should defined in beginVariable can defined any line.
Point of FocusSteps in programEmphasizes objects
Function OverloadingNot allowedAllowed
Data TypesC Supports built-in and primitive data types.C++ supports Boolean data types and also String data tpyes.
Exception HandlingNot thereWith try and also catch like Java Language
Next 20 YearsNot gonna Die, No wayNot gonna Die, No way

The man behind C language- Dennis Ritchie

 Everybody knows him as the father of the C programming language.  He was a genius computer scientist and also developer of the Unix operating system. 

 What would have happened if he wasn’t born? 

If there is no C, then there is no C++  that means no Unix, no windows, no Linux, no programs, no Android smartphones, no AWS, no Microsoft Windows 10, no games, no Photoshop, no Firefox.

Difference Between C vs C++ vs Python vs Java

C Programming Language is a combination of statements, functions and also variables. C programming Language is extensible and can easily adopt additional features. C is a procedural programming language that supports pointers. also We had a significant influence on the Unix operating system. He has been improved from time to time Since its initial release. That’s the reason it’s still a part of the curriculum in many schools around the world and it is a second popular programming language. The programming language has been an inspiration to many other programming languages like C++, C#, Java, PHP and others. 

What can C do?

  • It supports procedural programming language
  • It contains 32 keywords.
  • C programming language is fast and efficient.
  • This form of language includes built-in operators providing ease in writing complex programs 

 Where is C used?

  • C language is highly used in embedded systems.
  •  Helpful for development of system applications.
  •  It is widely used for developing desktop applications.
  •  Various Adobe applications  are developed using the C programming language.
  •  It is used for developing Browsers and also their extensions.  Google chromium is built using the C programming language.
  •  It is used to develop databases.  My SQL is the most popular database software which is built using C.
  •  It is used in developing and operating systems.  Operating Systems such as Apple’s OS X,  Microsoft Windows and Symbian are developed  using C language.  It is used for developing desktop as well as mobile phone operating systems.
  •  It is used for compiler production.
  •  It is widely used in IoT applications. 

History of C

The reason why the language was named by its creator was that it came after the B language. Back then, Bell Labs already had a programming language Called be at their disposal. The B language, a high level language created by Thompson,  was itself and also implementation of the programming language BCPL  designed by Martin Richards of Cambridge University. 

 Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie and also others originally created the Unix operating system. It was implemented on the PDP 7  computer using the Assembly language.  Unix was ported to PDP 11 using assembly language but the developers thought about rewriting it using B language.

 The B language fell short of abilities to take advantage of the features offered by the newer member of the PDP series, the PDP 11. That’s when Dennis Ritchie started working on a high level programming language taking clues from V language

Company using C Programming Language are:

  • Twitch
  • MasterCard
  • Linux
  • Lime
  • GitHub

C is used for: 

  • Operating systems
  •  software development
  •  Hardware

C Job Market 

  • Average Salary- $ 102,000
  • Job Count- 38,456
  • Top Job Location- New York City, San Francisco, Washington D,C. 

Pros of C

  1. Portable 

C is highly portable. You can develop software that runs on different platforms with no or very little modification.

  1. C is small 

 C is completely dependent on variables, macros, functions and also structures. There isn’t all that much to it. This is the reason, C is lodged on modern microprocessors. They can range from fridges to alarm clocks. 

  1.  Know C and you will know them all

 Almost all programming languages nowadays are themselves implemented in C, knowing C basically gives you a free ticket to know in all programming languages.

Cons of C

  1. Run Time 

C programming language has no runtime checking mechanism. 

  1.  Object-oriented programming

 does not support object-oriented programming hence why C++ was created. 

  1. Sizeable learning curve

 Not the easiest of programming languages to learn but certainly not the most difficult. Ideal for people with knowledge of other programming languages. 

C++ is an object-oriented programming language that supports the concept of classes and also objects. It is a powerful general purpose programming language. It can develop operating systems, browsers, games and so on. It offers distinct methods  of programming like procedural, object-oriented, functional and so on. This makes C++ powerful as well as flexible. C++  is old but gold. It is highly used for professional software game development and high-performance applications. 

This includes machine learning. It gives programmers a high level of control over the system’s resources and memory. We can find this language in today’s operating system, graphical user interface and also embedded systems. It is close to C# and also Java; it makes it easy for programmers to switch to C++ or vice versa. It was developed as an enhancement of the C language to include an object-oriented paradigm. C++ Is an upgraded version of C programming.  the main Idea behind creating C++  programming was to add object orientation to the C programming language. 

What can C++ do?

  • It supports function overloading.
  • C++ follows the bottom-up approach.
  • It supports 52 keywords.
  • C++ mainly uses stream Cin and cout to perform input and output operations.
  • C++ supports the new operator for memory allocation.

Companies using c++ are:

  • Evernote
  • Opera
  • NASA
  • Microsoft

C++ History 

  • C++ Programming language was developed in 1980 by Bjarne Stroustrup at Bell Laboratories of American Telephone and also Telegraph located in the USA. 
  • Bjarne Stroustrup Is known as the founder of C++  language.
  •  it was developed for adding a feature of OOP- Object Oriented Programming in C Without significantly changing the C component.

C++ Used For:

  • Operating systems
  •  web browsers
  •  graphical user interface
  •  Compilers
  •  Games

C++ Job Market 

  • Average Salary- $104,000
  • Job Count- 32,816
  • Top Job Location- New York City, Seattle, San Francisco. 

Pros of C++ 

  1. Sets you apart 

Learning to be proficient in this programming language Will put you in a place that sets you apart from most programmers in the market. With C++, you will gain a deeper appreciation of how programming languages like Java Python work in regards to memory management and also how you do that. 

  1.  Fine tuning

C++  will allow you to finally tune your application and leverage all the power of the computer. It is quiet and friendly to write compared to Java, but you can do anything with that

Cons of C++ 

  1. Steep learning curve

C++ Is really difficult to learn, but it is one language that will give you the edge over all the programmers if you ask if you are fluent. 

  1. Vast in Size

C++  is extremely huge and its various features interact in horrible Complex ways. No developer can use the entire set of building blocks it provides, but it takes great effort and wisdom to find the correct subset for your program. 

Why is C/C++ still relevant?

  • Many C and C++ Projects that exist today were started decades ago. The Unix operating system was written in C in 1972. 
  • C++  is still being used to develop desktop based applications,  compilers,  operating systems, embedded applications. 
  • C is the most portable and efficient language because it is as close to machine language as possible.
  • Most of the major software applications including Adobe Google Mozilla Oracle are written in C/C++. 
  • 48% of applications written in C/C++

What is the Difference Between C vs C++ vs Python vs Java

1. Python

Python is a high-level Programming Language and also Python is dynamic binding and auto dynamic typing. Many developers are enamored with python because of its reasonable syntax, well-organized packages, and plug-ins. And also Python’s design philosophy code readability with its use of significant whitespace. Its object-oriented approach aims to help programmers write clear, logical code for large and also small-scale projects.

Difference Between C vs C++
Features of python
  • It can connect to the database system.
  • Python used on creating server web applications.
  • Perform complex mathematics.
  • Also Use for rapid prototyping.
  • High level language.
  • It is GUI programming support.
Companies using python are: 
  • Facebook
Difference Between C vs C++
  • Instagram
Difference Between C vs C++
  • Spotify
Difference Between C vs C++
  • Netflix
Difference Between C vs C++
  • Google
Difference Between C vs C++

2. Java

c vs c++
c vs c++

Java is a secure, object-oriented and also alsosecure most popular programming language, launched in year 1995. It is owned by Oracle and also over 3 billion devices run Java. It is used to develop the most secure applications, web applications (using Spring boot framework) desktop and also mobile applications, big data processing, embedded systems and so on. Java has an Automatic Garbage Collection so there is no need to remove unreferenced.

What can Java do?
  • For almost every task, API is available.
  • Java supports concepts of encapsulation, abstraction and also inheritance.
  • It provides Powerful exception handling and type checking mechanism as compared to other Programming Languages.
  • The syntax of Java is simple.
Companies using java are:
  • Uber
c vs c++
  • Netflix
c vs c++
  • Amazon 
c vs c++
  • Pinterest
pinterest

3. C++

c++
Difference Between C vs C++ vs Python vs Java

C++ is an object oriented programming language that supports the concept of classes and also objects.

What can C++ do?
  • It supports function overloading.
  • Also C++ follows the bottom-up approach.
  • It supports 52 keywords.
  • C++ mainly uses stream cin and cout to perform input and also output operations.
  • Also C++ supports the new operator for the memory allocation.
Companies using c++ are:
  • Evernote
evernote
Difference Between C vs C++ vs Python vs Java
  • Opera
opera
  • NASA
nasa
  • Microsoft
ms

4. C Programming Language

c
Difference Between C vs C++ vs Python vs Java

Well, C Programming Language is a combination of statements, functions and also variables. Firstly, C programming Language is extensible it can easily adopt new features. Firstly C is a procedural programming language that supports pointers.

What can C do?
  • It supports procedural  programming language
  • It contains 32 keywords.
  • C programming language is fast and also also efficient.
  • And also This form of language includes built-in operators providing ease in writing complex programs 
Company using CProgramming Language are:
  • Twitch
twitch
Difference Between C vs C++ vs Python vs Java
  • MasterCard
mastercard
  • Linux
linus
  • GitHub
github

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