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Standard Python Libraries Master must know

Standard Python Libraries Master must know

In this article we will discuss most Standard Python Libraries Master must know in 2021. One of the best reasons for the success of python in data science is its extensive library support for data science and also analytics. A Python librarian helps us in working with in-built methods to perform operations. Python is gaining much popularity among the community of science, API and also machine learning. 

Top 19 Python libraries must use

Standard Python Libraries Master must know

Python libraries help us in-built methods to perform operations. A Python library is a reusable chunk of code that developers can include in their programs for projects. As compared to other languages such as C++ or C, Python libraries do not exist in any particular form in Python.

Even modern giants like Instagram and Spotify rely on python to give a better experience. Python has been on the top options for machine learning and also artificial intelligence developers for a long time. Python offers some of the best flexibility and features to developers that not only increase the productivity but the quality of the code as well. 

Standard Python Libraries Master must know is use for myriad of its benefits and is use in: 

Web Development

Python can make web applications at a rapid rate. It’s because of the frameworks Python uses to create these applications. 

Top python frameworks: 

  • Django
  • Flask
  • Pyramid

Data Science and Visualisation

 You study the data you have, perform operations and extract the required information.

Use Libraries:

  • Matplotlib
  • Pandas
  • Numpy

Embedded Applications

Python is based on C which means it can create Embedded C software for embedded applications. The most well known embedded application could be the Raspberry Pi which uses Python for its computing.

Machine learning and AI

 Developers choose Python for the myriad of benefits that makes it suitable for machine learning and also artificial intelligence. Python support these domains with the libraries like:

  • Scikit-learn
  • Pandas
  • Numpy

Web scraping applications

Python can extract and process an enormous amount of data from website which can be helpful in various Real world processes such as

  • Price comparison
  •  Job listings
  •  Research and development

Let’s explore the top Standard Python Libraries Master must know that is crucial to be know in 2021. 

1. Numpy

Standard Python Libraries Master must know

Firstly It stands for Numerical Python. It is the most popular python library. It is use to work with data structures like multi-dimensional arrays and also matrices. Numpy can handle a range of mathematical operations. It is an efficient collection of generic multi-dimensional data. And also It is the fundamental package for numerical computation in python. Its module works with numerical data. It provides support for large multi-dimensional arrays and also metrics. It can work with date-time, linear algebra, Transformation.

2. TensorFlow

Standard Python Libraries Master must know

It is a software application popular for implementing machine learning algorithms. The Google Brain team developed this useful library. it. TensorFlow applications can run on any target that’s convenient: a local machine, a cluster in the cloud, iOS and also Android devices. Tensorflow has a flexible architectural structure and also It is quite efficient at classification, perception, understanding, discovering and predicting. It is an AI library that helps developers to create large-scale neural networks with many layers using data flow graphs. 

3. Pandas

Standard Python Libraries Master must know

It is define as an open-source library that provides high-performance data manipulation in python. It provides various data structures and also operations. Its key data structure is know as the DataFrame. The Dataframe is more likely a two-dimensional array but with more functionalities. It is use for reshaping and pivoting of the data sets. Panda’s module works with the tabular data. This python library is beneficial for data manipulation and also analysis. 

4. Sci-kit learn 

Standard Python Libraries Master must know

This Open-source library provides key access to the algorithms. Scikit is also know as sklearn in the field and has an inbuilt module to perform supervise and unsupervised learning. And also It is a robust machine learning library for python. It focuses on modeling data and not manipulating data. This library is effective in handling complex data. This library is build upon the SciPy library. Some of its classes and functions are sklearn. datasets, sklearn. ensemble, sklearn. mixture and also others. It comprises various algorithms including classification, clustering and regression. This Python library can be use along with other libraries like fee and skyPe for scientific and also numerical computation. 

5. Keras 

Standard Python Libraries Master must know

It is an open-source library that provides a python interface for artificial neural networks. It allows users to produce deep models on smartphones, web or on the JVM. In the backend, it uses either Theano or TensorFlow internally. Keres focuses on being user-friendly, modular, and also extensible. And also It comprises random number generators. It also allows the use of distributed training of deep-learning models on clusters of graphic processing units and tensor processing units. 

6. PyTorch

python lib

Firstly It is the largest machine learning library that allows developers to perform tensor computations, create dynamic computational graphs, and calculate gradients automatically. Pytorch offers a rich API for solving complex application issues related to neural networks. And also It provides flexibility, It is use for large databases and high-performance models because of better training duration.it is very pythonic by default, Hence it is very easy and intuitive to use by people who already have experience with developing Python applications. It also has a serving feature call TorchServe which was release recently.

7. SciPy

Standard Python Libraries Master must know

It is a machine learning library for application developers and engineers. This library contains modules for efficient mathematical routines such as linear algebra, optimization, integration and statistics. And also It is creat with the help of Numpy. It solves calculus, algebra and also other mathematical operations. Scipy is a python-based open-source library for the field of mathematics, science and engineering. 

8. Matplotlib

python lib

Firstly, It is the most highly use library for visualizations in python. Matplotlib offers an easy way to plot chart bars, pie charts, histograms and more. And also It has powerful yet beautiful visualizations. This library also provides an object-oriented API, which can embed plots into applications. It is easy to see the property of the data using this library. It is useful for developing static, animated and also interactive visualizations in python. This takes full control of line styles, font properties, axes properties. Also It lets you develop publication quality plots with just a few lines of code. 

9. Eli5

python lib

Often the results of machine learning model predictions are not more accurate and also here Eli5 comes which helps to overcome this challenge. It is a python based library which visualises and also debug many machine learning models with the help of a unified API. It supports various ML frameworks. 

10. Plotly

python lib

Plotly is an open source data visualisation library for Python and R to make interactive graphs. And also It covers a wide range of statistical, geographical, financial, scientific and 3-dimensional use cases. It creates entire figures in single-line code. As the tool is host-able on servers, charts can be share at ease. Its  strength lies in making interactive plots and also it offers contour plots which cannot be foundd in most libraries. While Plotly is widely know as an online platform for data visualisation, very few people know it can be access from a Python notebook. 

11. Light GBM

LightGBM is a fast, distributed, high-performance gradient boosting Framework based on the decision tree algorithm, used for ranking classification and many other machine learning tasks. Light GBM It can perform equally well with large data sets with a significant reduction in training time as compared to XGBOOST. And also It uses histogram based algorithm which means it buckets continuous feature values into discrete bins which fastens than the training procedure. It does not produce an error when you consider Nan or other Canonical values. This library is automatic and user-friendly. 

12. PyNLPI

This library is pronounce as pineapple which is use for natural language processing. It contains various modules useful for common and less common NLP tasks. It can be use for basic tasks such as the extraction of n-grams and frequency lists and to build simple language models. Natural Language Processing is consider as one of the most critical aspects of making intelligent systems. 

13. Seaborn

It is a Python data visualisation library based on Matplotlib. it provides a high-level interface for creating graphs. Developers can create graphs in one line that would take them multiple tens of lines in Matplotlib. Seaborn library is for statistical data visualisation. It is a library for making attractive and informative statistical graphs in Python. Seaborn aims to make visualisation a central part of exploring and also understanding data. It is build on top of Matplotlib and closely integrate with Pandas data structures. It is a higher level library. It’s easier to generate certain kinds of plots including heat maps, box plots, time series, pair plots and also violin plots.

14. Statsmodels

Statsmodels is an open-source Python library that provides statistical functions that enables us to perform statistical tests, statistical data exploration and build models. It also allows us to write model queries like R and provide demonstrating results. Since, machine learning is nothing but the statistical algorithms hiding inside fancy costume, statsmodels play a vital role when building mm models. This library is use in data science, information analysis and reporting. It can easily control data with the library. It is a Python package that provides a complement to scipy for statistical computation including descriptive statistics and Estimation and also inference for statistical models.

15. Bokeh

Bokeh, it is establish on the Grammar of Graphics like ggplot. The USP is its ability to create interactive web-ready plots which can easily output as JSON objects, HTML  documents for interactive web applications. It is a Python plotting library useful and handy for data visualization. Data visualization with Python and also JavaScript can be easily do with the library. And also It builds visuals that are especially interactive on web applications and browsers.  It integrates well with both Python and JavaScript. It can easily create network graphs, Geospatial plots. 

16. Ggplot

Firstly It is a library based on the Grammar of Graphics and the Python version of what developers call ggplot2 in R. It works pretty well with Pandas and shows one of the best forms of machine learning as it only requires us to fill in the variables and primitive and then it can take care of the rest. Ggplot supports various APIs but few of them are not based on Python. It is consider powerful and creates a simple graphical representation but devoid of any complexities. And also It allows for building less customized graphics with little control.

17. NLTK

Natural language toolkit is one of the most powerful Natural Language Processing libraries which includes packages which help machines to interpret human language. It provides easy-to-use interface to over 50  corpora and lexical resources such as wordnet along with the suite of text processing libraries for classification, autoionization, stemming, tagging, passing and semantic reasoning, wrapping for industrial strength NLP libraries and an active discussion form. It is suitable for linguists, engineers, students, educators, researchers and also industry users alike.

18. Theano

Theano is a Python library for fast numerical computation that can be ruun on the CPU or GPU. It was develop by the LISA (now MILA) Group of the University of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. This library is name after a Greek mathematician, Theano. It is a Python library and optimizing compiler for manipulating and evaluating mathematical expressions, especially matrix-valued ones. 

19. Scrapy 

This Python library is use to develop spider bots that scan the pages of websites and also collects structure information. This Python library can accept data from the API. It is very handy because of its extensibility and portability. If developers target is fast high-level screen scraping and web crawling, go for scrapy.

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Standard Python Libraries Master must know – Writer:

Taniya Patyal

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