In this article we will discuss Why don’t we use C and C++ for Web application development?
What is C Programming Language?
Dennis Ritchie developed C, a procedural programming language, around 1969 AD. It’s a function-driven language that treats functions like building blocks. And instead of focusing on the data, concentrates on the process. Polymorphism, encapsulation and inheritance are not supported due to a shortage of OOP.
What is C++ Programming Language?
Bjarne Stroustrup developed C++ in 1979, which combines functional and object-oriented modules. Object-oriented programming is a programming language that puts a greater emphasis on data and objects. In C++ programming language Polymorphism, encapsulation and inheritance are all supported. Because of the inclusion of multiple levels of modifiers or authentication code to separate sections of the code, C++ appears to be more formal and stable than C.
Both are low-level programming languages that are closer to hardware. Both programming languages must manually control the program’s memory in order to function. Unlike another high-level language, they don’t have garbage collectors. Despite their differences, they have a lot in common.
Why don’t we use C and C++ much in Web Development?
1. There is a lack of a good Application Development Framework
There is a lack of an accelerated industrial standard system that supports Application Development framework. An rapid industry standard infrastructure that embraces the Application Development process is missing whereas other high level languages like JAVA (Spring Framework), Python (Django Framework, Flask Framework), PHP (Laravel Framework, CodeIgniter Framework) and many others.
- TreeFrog : It is a full-stack C++ platform for designing Web applications that support Web Socket Protocol and HTTP. It’s written in Qt/C++. The architecture is nothing more than a compilation of libraries. TreeFrog also lacks the extensive libraries found in other rapid web frameworks.
- CppCMS : It’s a high-performance Software Solution Platform that works on web apps that need a lot of computing power. FastCGI, SCGI, and HTTP are all supported.
C++ also makes it almost impossible to create, modify, and manage business logic.
2. Compilation Dependent Language and Low-Level Programming
C and C++ transform the code into machine-dependent binary format. However, in the case of Java or other high level programming languages it is compiled into bytecode (in Java) or MSIL (inC#), which are machine-independent code that could be executed in any environment on any OS. C and C++ are not scalable since they are explicitly translated into machine-dependent code.
Since every machine is specific and every binary code is unique for hardware and Operating System, codes published in Linux cannot function on Windows and vice versa.
There is only one approach that obtains the C or C++ source code and compiles it for a given platform. If the platform is Windows, the code is compiled in a Windows environment; if the platform is Linux, the code is compiled in a Linux environment. and very shortly. You may always use the Virtualisation method, although this is time-consuming.
3. Not many plugins are available and lack in library support
C++ programmers typically do not have access to as many libraries as programmers in other languages. So, if C++ developers want to do new stuff, they might not be able to get the libraries to do so. As a result, the C++ programmer is forced to create himself, which is both tedious and difficult.
4. Garbage Collection and Memory Allocation (Why don’t use C C++ Web application development)
For C#, Java, and Python, garbage collection isn’t a major concern. There are garbage disposal systems in place. However, in C++, we must assign and state changes to memory for objects with care. Memory allocation and deallocation errors can trigger unpredictable behavior in a server and programme.
5. Frequent Server Failures
If you host a C++ web service on a server, and there is a problem due to the poor dynamic and static memory allocation, the server can crash, and the Operating System will close all ports.
6. Hard to Comprehend
C++ and C are hard to learn and dishearten students because they cannot build anything from the beginning, whereas python and java enable you to do that in a shorter time.
Except for basic real-life applications, people who want to create web applications do not want to learn any of the complicated stuff in C or C++. Nevertheless, they can become irritated and change their language at some stage.
7. Debugging is difficult
If the code has to be modified on a regular basis, C++ is an insecure language to use since it is impossible to patch and fix bugs which makes it vulnerable. After an application is created and the developer then leaves the organization, it would be difficult to interpret and maintain the code, particularly when it comes to bug fixes.
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